Christian feast dedicated to the prophet Jeremiah, also called “Snake Day”. People honor it against snakes. Women magically chase reptiles, circling the house and the yard with fire and tap with can.
6. May St. George.
This feast is in honor of St. George, saint patron of the Bulgarian army. One of the most popular Bulgarian folk festivals, placing the beginning of the summer and the new agricultural year. St. George is honored as the patron of shepherds and herds. The brides bake Gergyovski breads. The young tie swings on the branches of trees and swing, and parents withdraw their children on the scales for health.
21. May St. Constantine and Elena.
Christian feast in memory of the holy Emperor Constantine and his mother Helena. Constantine imposed Christianity as the official religion of the vast Roman Empire. In the Strandja Mountain it’s called “Konstantinovden” and it’s related with very interesting custom-dancing on fire, known as “nestinarstvo”. Under the sounds of pipes and drums, with the sacred icons, fire-dancers wade barefoot through the fire, possessed by supernatural forces. During the dance they come into contact with the saints and the dead, and get the ability toforetell. According to the folk the nestinari girl plays on coals, because she sees St. Konstantin in front of her, who extinguishes the fire with a jug in his hand.
The Bulgarian Rose has its own celebration that takes place in Kazanlak. Traditional customs of rose picking and rose oiling, that recreate the authentic atmosphere, are filled with joy, singing, dancing and mummers games.
13. June Ascension, Ascension.
This holiday is always on Thursday, 40 days after Easter. According to the legend, in the days around Spasov Day the”rusalian” female supernatural, who can treat diseases, come to people. Their favorite flower is rosenat that blooms on the night of Ascension. Sick and disabled people spend the night in Rosenovi meadows, with the belief that it will cure them.
23. June. Petdesetnitsa, St. Troitsa.24 Yuni.Sv. Spirit.
On Sunday, 50 days after Easter, is Pentecost or Saint Trinity. In the Christian worldview Saint Trinity is a symbol of world harmony, represented by the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit. On Monday, after Pentecost, is the feast of the Holy Spirit. On Saturday, before Pentecost, is one of the largest Souls during the year, called Cherry Souls.
The Church celebrates the birth of St. John, the Baptist. Bulgarians call it Enyovden. The women gather herbs and flowers and knead a large Enyovski wreath. All women pass through it for health. Midsummer herbs taken in the morning are the healest. Typical for the feast is the custom Enyova bride-young women dress a little girl with Enyovski wreath and walk around the houses, singing songs.
The Apostle Peter was one of the first Jesus disciples.People believe that he holds the keys to the gates of Eden. St. Peter is the chief judge of sins, and determines whether the soul goes to heaven or hell. The Apostle Paul was taken to the brother of St. Peter. On Pavlyovden people do not work anything on the field, because the saint would be angry and causes fire and ignite the reapers’ sheaves.
1.July.Sv.Bezsrebarnitsi Cosmas and Damian.St.Vrach.
Saints Cosmas and Damian are brothers and were famous healers. Bulgarians called them “holy magicians” or “wizard”. Bulgarians adopt them as protectors of healers and herbalists, who on this day sort raised Midsummer herbs to treat diseases. Women do not work to protect their relatives and pets from diseases. They can only prepare cakes which are distributed to health. The evening before the feast sick, blind and disable people spend the night in the church or chapel dedicated to the saints.
15. 16. and17 July. Goreshtnitsi.
According to folk three-row Christian feasts- St. Kirik and St. Julita (July 15), martyr Julia (July 16) and St. Marina (July 17) – are the hottest summer days. During the Hot Days, there is no field work, no fire in the oven, or baking bread.
Christian Church honorss the prophet Elijah. According to popular opinion, he is lord of heaven and heavenly elements, lord of thunders and lightnings, lord of rains. That’s why people called the saint ‘Gramovnik. “People organize synods in every village. Women baked “kolach of St. Elijah.” The day is a celebration of furriers, tailors and anguish.